We have all seen those unpleasant white flakes, but what do they stand for really, a dry scalp or dandruff? Don’t worry; it is absolutely typical to be confused due to the similarity of their symptoms. A dry, itchy scalp is sometimes linked to dandruff. Since the white flakes from your scalp can often mimic the symptoms of dandruff, you may receive the wrong treatment for your dry scalp problem and that will certainly not help! Therefore, it is important to understand the differences between dry scalp and dandruff. Dry scalp is characterised by small, white flakes of scalp whereas dandruff is usually characterised by larger, greasy or waxy flakes, or clusters of skin cells, usually yellowish or grey. But how can you treat these problems and maintain beautiful and healthy hair? The first step is to be well informed!

Dry scalp and how to prevent it

Under normal conditions, the scalp exfoliates every 20-30 days. However, several factors can disturb the normal skin flora and this causes the scalp to exfoliate at a faster rate. This condition is called dry scalp. The classical indications of dry scalp are exfoliation (the well known flakes), redness, irritation and itching. Dry scalp is caused by a lack of lubrication by the sebaceous glands on the scalp. There are many possible causes for the under-production of natural oils, including heredity, hormonal disorders, stress, environmental conditions, and the use of inappropriate styling or hair care products. In those cases the growth of a specific fungus called pityrosporum ovale (or malassezia furfur) causes inflammation and is responsible for the increased exfoliation.

To prevent dry scalp you can follow these simple guidelines:

    • Shampoo less frequently. The detergents in shampoo can sometimes have a drying effect to your scalp and hair, stripping them of their natural oils.
    • Switch to a shampoo designed to treat dry scalp. This will help both add moisture and help to lock in the scalp’s natural moisture.
    • Invest in a deep-conditioning treatment for your hair. Although it’s typically intended for dry hair, a deep-conditioning treatment can also help keep your scalp moisturised and healthy.
    • Limit your use of hair styling products. Hairspray, mousse, and gel may cause excessive drying of the skin, which can cause flaking or trigger allergic reactions.
    • Massaging the scalp with oil brings many benefits to your scalp and hair. The oil will lubricate your scalp, reducing or eliminating dryness and flakes. The massage stimulates blood circulation, permitting hair follicles to receive critical nutrients for healthy growth.
    • Don’t scratch. Scratching can hurt your scalp, making it vulnerable to infection.
    • Drink plenty of water and eat a healthy diet rich in fruits and vegetables.
    • Eliminate stress. Stress challenges the body’s defences and encourages all sorts of ailments, including dry scalp.

Visit a dermatologist if the problem persists.

Some products Unparalleled hair recommends for dry scalp

Phyto Subtle Elixer, Intense Nutrition Shine Oil For Dry To Very Dry Hair. This will restore hair to vibrant health.

PhytoJoba Shampoo, Intense hydration brilliance Shampoo for Dry Hair. This shampoo gives great softness and shine.

Phytokeratin Shampoo and Phytokeratine Extreme mask’s, for dry and ultra dry hair respectively.

Dandruff and how to prevent it

Dandruff is one of the most common hair problems that more than 20% of women and 30% of men encounter. Dandruff is the shedding of dead keratinocytes from the scalp through exfoliation. It is both an aesthetic problem often accompanied by oiliness, and a nuisance involving itching and irritations.

To prevent dandruff you can follow these simple guidelines:

  • Wash your hair regularly (not to regularly) and rinse off thoroughly.
  • Shampoo with the right type of product. Switch to a more naturally based shampoo designed to treat dandruff and choose products suitable for oily hair.
  • Limit your use of hair styling products. Hairspray, mousse, and gel may cause excessive drying of the skin, which can cause flaking or trigger allergic reactions.
  • Eat a healthy, well-balanced diet. A diet rich in zinc, B-complex vitamins and Omega-3 fatty acids may help prevent dandruff.
  • Eliminate stress. Stress challenges the body’s defenses and encourages all sorts of ailments, including dandruff.
    • Visit a dermatologist if the problem persists.
    • Make sure you use water soluble products.

How to treat a dry scalp – our naturel solution

At Unparalleled Hair we recommend a natural but effective solution to soothe dry, irritated scalp:

Step 1 – Treat dry scalp: A shampoo for Dry Scalp with tea tree & honey eliminates dry dandruff and removes dead skin cells with tea tree, propolis and salicylic acid. Thus hydrates dry scalp and maintains hair’s natural elasticity with honey, wheat proteins and lavender essential oil.

Step 2 – Maintain scalp’s health, hydrate and soothe: A Shampoo for Sensitive Scalp with Ingredients such as lavender, honey, chamomile is ideal to use in-between a specialised hair treatment as it helps small irritations and reduce itching whilst respecting and moisturising the sensitive scalp.

For best results, combine both products and alternate. Use a Shampoo for Dry Scalp as long as needed to treat dry scalp. Then alternate the shampoo for Sensitive Scalp. For instance, use twice the Shampoo for Dry Scalp and once the Shampoo for Sensitive Scalp.

Tips for a holistic treatment: Consider the beneficial effects of an aromatherapy massage with essential oils. Add 2 drops of tea tree and 2 drops of lavender essential oils in 15ml of almond oil. Shake well and apply to wet hair by gently massaging from root to tip. Cover your head with a towel for 20-60 minutes and rinse after using the shampoo directly on the hair beforehand. Repeat 2-3 times per month.

Some products to treat dandruff –

Unparalleled hair recommends 2 specialised shampoos to fight dandruff in a natural but effective way:

Phytosquam Intense Shampoo, intensive treatment shampoo to regulate excess sebum secretion.

Phytosquam Anti Dandruff Purifying Shampoo, for hair prone to oiliness or Dandruff – this will stabilise and strengthen the scalp and fight recurrence.

Tips

For a holistic treatment: Consider the beneficial effects of an aromatherapy massage with essential oils. Add 15 drops of tea tree and 10 drops of lavender essential oils in 50ml of organic jojoba oil. Shake well and apply to wet hair by gently massaging from root to tip. Cover your head with a towel for 20-60 minutes and rinse after using the shampoo directly on the hair beforehand. Repeat 2-3 times per month.